Quelle: dictonary Law
Das kanonische Recht ist das Kirchenrecht der römisch-katholischen
Kirche des lateinischen Ritus sowie der katholischen Ostkirchen. Es regelt die internen
Angelegenheiten der kirchlichen Gemeinschaft und sieht für viele Bereiche eine
eigene Gerichtsbarkeit vor. Sein Name leitet sich von
griechisch/lateinisch canon ‚Richtschnur‘ ab, weil die einzelnen Normkomplexe im Codex
des kanonischen Rechtes als Canones bezeichnet werden.
Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made by ecclesiastical
authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or
church and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law governing the Catholic
Church (both Latin Church and Eastern Catholic Churches),
the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches, and the Anglican Communion of
churches. The way that such church law is legislated, interpreted and at
times adjudicated varies widely among these three bodies of churches. In all three
traditions, a canon was originally a rule adopted by a church council; these canons
formed the foundation of canon law. [a code/codex ]
n. laws and regulations over ecclesiastical (church) matters developed between circa 1100
and 1500 and used by the Roman Catholic Church in reference to personal morality, status
and powers of the clergy, administration of the sacraments and church and personal
Canon law comprises ordinances of general councils of the church, decrees, bulls and epistles
of the Popes, and the scriptures and writings of the early fathers of the church.
Canon law has no legal force except within the Vatican in Rome, Italy, and in those nations in
which the Catholic Church is the „official“ church and where it prevails in religious matters
which may affect all citizens (such as abortion and divorce).
In Great Britain there is also a body of canon law dating back to pre-reformation in the 16th
Century, which is used by the Anglican (Episcopal) Church.
Canon law is not to be confused with professional canons, which are rules of conduct with no